PL 18K 18K 18K 9K 9K 9K PA PL 18K 18K 18K 9K 9K 9K PA Length: 4.37mm Length: 4.37mm Width: 4.35mm

Why Choose a Round Brilliant Cut Diamond?

Why Choose a Round Brilliant Cut Diamond?

February 28 2023

The Round Brilliant Cut is arguably the most popular and most recognizable diamond cut of all the cuts available with over 75% of all diamonds used in jewellery cut to this shape, this is because it achieves the greatest brilliance and fire. This cut is certainly the most popular amongst buyers at the present time with princess and oval cuts following behind.

The current Round Brilliant Cut was developed from the Old European Cut from the 19th Century. It was previously introduced in the 17th Century, known as Mazarin's or Double Cuts: had 17 facets (making it pretty dull compared to today's cut, which has 58 facets). From this the facet count was increased to 33 by Vincent Peruzzi, this cut was now known as the Peruzzi Brilliant or the Triple Cut. By the 19th Century, the Old European Cut had become the most popular cut: with a shallower pavilion, a more rounded shape and a different arrangement of facets. Marcel Tolkowsky, a Russian mathematical genius, then calculated the cuts necessary to create the ideal Diamond shape. Since this, there have been minor developments due to Tolkowsky not being completely perfect - he hadn’t followed the path of light rays that were reflected more than twice inside the diamonds, making his results incomplete. 

These proportions for the perfectionist in terms of the Round Brilliant Cut are a depth percentage of between 59.3% and 62% and a table percentage of 55% to 58% this would help to maximise the brilliance and scintillation as the gem appears to dance and sparkle in the light. Diamonds of such quality are hard to come by as there is such a huge demand for them.

The Round Brilliant diamond in its ideal proportions is designed to give maximum scintillation, beauty and fire. Round diamonds make up the vast amount of diamonds found in engagement rings and are popular in stud earrings and pendants. The Brilliant cut follows more naturally the rough diamond crystal shape and is, therefore, the most popular for cutting due to the beauty it returns. It has the appearance of being larger than it actually is, meaning a higher carat weight is not essential when purchasing the gem. The hearts and arrows phenomenon which can be seen in round brilliant cut also are an attractive selling point: this is seen when the top or table facet is exactly perpendicular to the bottom or pavilion of the diamond.

Technical Specifications

  • The Round Brilliant diamond shape has 58 facets (including the culet) comprising 33 facets on the crown and 25 on the pavilion.
  • The crown facets comprise the table, 8-star facets, 8 kite facets, and 16 upper girdle facets.
  • The pavilion facets comprise 16 lower girdle facets and 8 pavilion main facets. There may also be a culet.
  • For a diamond that’s a perfect circle, look for a stone with a ratio of as close to 1.00 as possible.

Find out more about round diamonds

Round Brilliant Diamond Jewellery

Diamond Set Round Brilliant Dante Diamond Ring in 18K Rose Gold

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Round Brilliant Anita Diamond Pendant in 18K Yellow Gold

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Alegra Round Brilliant Diamond Stud Earrings in 18K Rose Gold

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Mirabelle Round Brilliant Diamond Stud Earrings in Platinum


Find out which diamond shape fits your personality here

Did you know we can help you design and create your own bespoke round diamond jewellery?  Find out more here

We have a wider range of round diamond jewellery that isn't shown on our website, so if you can't find what you're looking for, contact us here.

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